Space suit

Space suit infographic

Casual Hip-hop Fashion

From the late 1980s to the early 2000s, hip-hop culture spread rapidly in the United States and became an integral part of urban culture. The prevailing idea was to express the common issues of everyday life in words as they really are, as opposed to the idea of abstract and allegorical stage art. Along with the lyrics and messages of the songs, everyday and casual fashion styles were also dominant in the culture. The casual clothing such as baggy pants, baseball caps or beanies, workman's coveralls, and sports jerseys were a clear contrast to today's flashy hip-hop culture based on consumerist ideals.

Using a visual anthropological method, I analyzed 51 hip-hop music videos from the above-mentioned period and noted casual fashions. Whether it was a specific director's decision or an artist's own idea, from the collection below, we can see not only which brand dominated the casual clothing industry at the time, but also plenty of urban anthropological and urban ethnographic information such as how the artists expressed their hometowns, neighborhoods, and street names, religion, gender, and social class creatively.

The Lenin Museum in Ulaanbaatar

The Lenin Museum in Ulaanbaatar

Chandmani Centre

Central Museum of Mongolian Dinosaurs

The Natural History Museum of Mongolia


Latitude / Longitude
47°55'24.25'' / 106°54'20.88''

Megjid Janraisig temple

 Мэгжид Жанрайсигийн сүм


ATWOOD, Christopher P. (2004). Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire. Facts On File, Inc. New York

KOWALCZYKOWA, Elżbieta, KRZYŻANOWSKI, Lech. (eds.). (1991). The Megzid Janraiseg Temple: The Polish-Mongolian Mission for Conservation of Historic Monuments 1989. Vol. 1. Foreign Trade Office (BHZ), Warsaw

Maidar. D., Natsagdorj. SH. (ed.). (1972). Mongolyn arkhitektur ba khot baiguulalt [Architecture and urbanism of Mongolia]. State print office. Ulaanbaatar

Ochabyar, B. (2014). Ulaanbaatar khotyn barilgajiltyn tüükh, gerel zurgiin tsomog [Construction History of Ulaanbaatar, photo album]. Ulaanbaatar

TELEKI, Krisztina. (2015). Introduction to the Study of Urga’s Heritage. Admon Printing. Ulaanbaatar


Wikipedia - Gandantegchinlen Monastery

Wikipedia - Avalokiteśvara

Documentation of Mongolian Monasteries

Palais Garnier

Damnuurchin and Peking shops in Khüree

Хүрээний Бээжин дэлгүүрүүд

More to read:

POZDNEYEV, A.M. (2010). “URGA or DA KHÜREE”. David Sneath and Christopher Kaplonski (eds.). (2010). The history of Mongolia, Volume III. pp. 794–824. Global Oriental. Kent, United Kingdom, 
First published in A. M. Pozdneyev, Mongolia and the Mongols, Presenting the Results of a Trip Taken in 1892 and 1893. Excerpts from Chapter 2, ‘Urga or Da Khüree’, pp. 43–95, Indiana University, Bloomington, 1971 

Википедия - А. М. Позднеев